Thursday, 31 December 2009

Chinese mass media building int'l communication capabilities

www.chinaview.cn 2009-12-31

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-12/31/content_12737034.htm

BEIJING, Dec. 31 (Xinhua) -- China Xinhua News Network Corporation (CNC), a TV news network owned by Xinhua News Agency, will broadcast in the Asia-Pacific region and some European countries, starting from Jan. 1, 2010.

"The launch of the CNC is an important move for Xinhua to enrich the agency's business sectors, and embrace the multi-media world," Xinhua President Li Congjun said at a launching ceremony in Beijing Thursday.

The newly launched CNC World News channel will broadcast TV programs in Chinese around the clock, including news events and special news bulletins. The CNC Finance and Business channel will be launched simultaneously.

The CNC will develop to include news-related interviews, news analyses, documentaries and other information services.

The CNC World News also plans to broadcast English programs from July, 2010. News pieces in French, Spanish, Portuguese, Arabic and Russian will also be broadcast in the future.

Xinhua is working to transform itself into a multi-media world news agency. It started to provide multi-media services in Chinese in December 2008 and English multi-media services in July 2009.

"Xinhua's expanding multi-media services makes it possible to set up a TV network," Li said. "We will make efforts to expand both domestic and overseas services using all kinds of networks and media including overseas TV channels, the Internet, mobile phones and LED screens."

"We oppose the pursuit of commercial value at the cost of media's social responsibility and strive to provide quality products so as to build an international news network with Chinese characteristics and global impact."

Xinhua will work closely with world-class media, such as CNN and BBC, and draw on their experiences. But "CNC is not CNN," said Li.

To Build Modern Communication System

To build a well-off society, "we should build a modern communication system, further promote communication capacity both at home and abroad, and create a sound social environment," Chinese President Hu Jintao said in his letter to commemorate the 50th anniversary of establishment of China Central Television (CCTV) at the end of 2008.

The year 2009 witnessed multiple efforts by Chinese media to strengthen their capabilities of international cross-cultural communication.

Xinhua launched, together with eight other world media organizations, and hosted the World Media Summit from Oct. 8 to 10,2009, with representatives from more than 170 media organizations gathering in Beijing.

President Hu said at the summit that the Chinese government support Chinese media to cooperate with their foreign counterparts on news coverage, human resources, and information technology, etc.

Xinhua and the United Nations Children's Fund co-sponsored the "Global News Day for Children", a global media campaign to launch a 24-hour multimedia "relay" coverage of children's well-being on six continents on Nov. 20.

Xinhua has set up 35 LED screens in Europe to broadcast live news and special coverage and the number of LED screens is expected to reach 100 in the first quarter of 2010.

Chinese media's cross-cultural communication capabilities still can not meet the demand of foreign audience for the comprehensive and objective coverage of China.

Some domestic events were distorted in other countries because of the inadequate cross-cultural communication capacity, said MingAnxiang, media researcher with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

"A country without its own voice cannot ensure its national image is not distorted by foreign media. So it is necessary to build our own media with international communication capabilities to make our own voices heard and present a true national image," Ming said.

To Improve Awareness of Dialogue

The World Media Summit calls on media organizations to provide accurate, objective, impartial and fair news coverage, promote transparency and accountability of governments and public institutions, and thus facilitate the mutual understanding as well as exchange of views and ideas among peoples from different countries and regions, as stated in the joint statement.

According to Professor Chen Weixing with the research center of international communication under the Communication University of China based in Beijing, those challenging China in its international communication include differences in political system and culture. China needs to improves its awareness of dialogue in international cross-cultural communication.

Li Congjun said that to use different frequently-spoken languages is an important step in cross-cultural communication. The CNC World News would provide overseas audience with international news stories from a Chinese prospective and China's domestic news stories from international prospectives, Li noted.

Over the past three decades, Chinese mass media gained momentum in development and also gained more strength. Some media organizations are now able to explore international markets.

The Global Times, which is affiliated to the People's Daily, the official newspaper of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), put on market its English version in April this year.

Zhang Yong, the executive editor-in-chief of the English version of the Global Times, told Xinhua that his newspaper, as the second nationwide English newspaper after China Daily, would reflect voices from common people and try to integrate them with those from officials.

China Central Television, or CCTV, kicked off an Arabian-language and a Russian-language channel this year and plans to start a Portuguese-language channel.

China Radio International opened many new channels in Australia, the United States and Mongolia this year. It plans to expand its English broadcasting services in Houston, the United States, from six hours to 24 hours a day in 2010.

In September, Qiushi, or Seeking Truth literally in Chinese, which is the official publication of the Central Committee of the CPC, began to issue its English-version quarterly journal.

Telling Chinese Stories in Internationalized Way

Zhao Qizheng, head of Journalism School under the Renmin University in Beijing, said since foreigners differ from Chinese in both languages and ways of thinking, to let foreigners understand thoughts, behaviors and values of Chinese people, both the language and culture should be "translated". That is to say, to tell Chinese stories to the outside world, languages and manners that are understandable and acceptable to foreign audience should be employed.

It is believed that the foreign language channel of SMG, the broadcasting and television station of Shanghai, has set an good example in this respect.

This year the channel produced a reality TV program featuring foreigners in Shanghai, which was the first of its kind in the Chinese mainland. The program, dubbed Shanghai Rush, allowed foreign participants from different countries and regions to "travel" among different tourist destinations of the metropolis during their contests, which demonstrated the city's cultural attractions to the outside world.

Rebecca Jane Miller, a 20-year-old from Newcastle of Britain, told Xinhua that she loves TV programs that are full of sense of reality and Shanghai Rush is of the same style as those in her hometown.

Twelve episodes of Shanghai Rush, according to its producer XiaJing, have been sold to WaTV of Malaysia, which covers two million households. New York City TV has also expressed intention of buying the program.


Editor: Wang Guanqun

Saturday, 26 December 2009

Chinese people cool-headed as China poised to be the world's 2nd largest economy

www.chinaview.cn 2009-12-26 15:26:07

by Xinhua writer Zhang Zhengfu

BEIJING, Dec. 26 (Xinhua) -- China revised its 2008 gross domestic product (GDP) to 4.52 trillion U.S. dollars at the average exchange rate of 2008, narrowing the gap with Japan, the world's second largest economy with a GDP of 4.9 trillion U.S. dollars for the same year.

The revision resulted from China's second economic census which raised the country's 2008 economic growth rate to 9.6 percent from9 percent.

Given an estimate of more than 8 percent growth rate for China in 2009, accompanied by Japan's shrinking economy amid the global economic downturn, the country, currently the world's third largest economy, was poised to overtake Japan as the second largest.

"It is only a matter of time before China's total economic volume surpass that of Japan given China's robust growth," said Xu Lianzhong, a researcher with the National Development and Reform Commission.

However, Xu said the new figures coupled with the prospect of catching up with Japan in terms of total economic volume next year should serve as no cause for self-complacency.

"It is not so important to compare the total GDP with that of the Japan or other developed nations," said Zuo Xiaolei, chief economist with the Galaxy Securities.

"What matters more is the per capita figure, and in the case of China, the total figure has to be divided by 1.3 billion," said Xu.

In 2008, China's per capita GDP was 3,200 U.S. dollars, less than a third of the world's average or a tenth of Japan's 38,000 U.S. dollars, according to the World Bank's estimates.

Eclipsing Japan in total economic volume wouldn't change the fact of China being a developing country, not least because China lagged far behind the developed nations in many areas, said Zuo

"There are still wide gaps between China and the developed countries in per capita GDP, the quality of economic development, and science and technological levels," said Xu.

Zuo said China should place more emphasis on lifting the quality of economic development and solving structural problems in the economy.

These cool-headed interpretations were echoed by ordinary people in Beijing.

Zhang Ning, a civil servant at the Beijing Municipal Government, said, "the total amount may be pleasing to the ear, and I feel proud of China becoming more economically advanced, but you had to divide that by a huge denominator."

"We should not be misled by the absolute figures and the ranking. China still has a lot of work to do in improving the people's living standards and building a better social security system," said Gao Shan, a college student in China's Foreign Affairs University in Beijing.

China currently has 150 million people living in poverty and is faced with daunting challenges in poverty alleviation, according to the National Development and Reform Commission.

A report released by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Thursday ranked China the 7th in the world in overall strength. The relatively low ranking came as no surprise to most Chinese people.

"China has a long way to go before its education, science and technology could match with developed countries," said a netizen by the name Guxin at the online forum of www.sina.com.cn, a leading Chinese portal website.

China was also burdened with the daunting task of cutting greenhouse gas emissions per unit of GDP by 40 to 45 percent by 2020 from the 2005 level, and the marginal cost was set to rise in the future, said Zou Ji, a professor with Renmin University of China.


Editor: An

Wednesday, 23 December 2009

‘Ceausescu looked in my eyes, and he knew that he was going to die’


A former soldier is haunted by the memory of the Christmas Day firing squad that killed Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife Elena

Roger Boyes - THE TIMES
http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/europe/article6967099.ece

Christmas Day memories are made of this: a turkey dinner, exchanging gifts, watching television, family togetherness, peace on Earth and goodwill to all men. Dorin-Marian Cirlan’s abiding memory is of the Christmas Day he shot a dictator.

“I know what I would rather have been doing,” said Mr Cirlan, who was a member of the three-man squad that killed Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife, Elena, on December 25, 1989. “As a Christian it is a horrible thing to have to take someone’s life — and that on Christmas Day, that holy holiday.”

Mr Cirlan was in the elite 64th Boteni parachute regiment when Romania crumpled in the 1989 revolution. Unlike the upheavals in Poland, East Germany, Hungary and Czechoslovakia, blood was spilt — some of it on Mr Cirlan’s paratrooper boots.

“You have to picture how it was then,” Mr Cirlan said. “Rumours were swirling — there was panic everywhere on the radio, on television, even on the army radio frequencies. It was like the coming of the Apocalypse.”

Related Links
Dictator who was blind to his fate
The paratroopers had gone over to the side of the revolutionaries; some of their units were fighting agents of the Securitate secret police around the Bucharest television tower. But Mr Cirlan — 27 at the time and a non-commissioned officer — was at regimental headquarters in Boteni, about 30 miles (50km) outside the capital.

“Many army leaders were beginning to break down under the intense pressure.” Someone, it was never clear who, had placed Soviet-made electronic devices around their barracks, creating a loud drone, the sound of explosions. It was psychological warfare at its crudest. Was it a revolution, a Russian-backed coup d’état? Even now there is not much clarity about who was pulling the strings.

Into this maelstrom, early on Christmas Day, came two helicopters. “Our commander needed eight volunteers. We didn’t know where we were going, which is against the military code — every soldier should be told his mission.”

Mr Cirlan has put on weight — his stomach pushes against the waistband of his grey suit — but he still has a military bearing; a sergeant’s ashen moustache. He is a lawyer now, vetting contracts for foreign property dealers. As we sat chatting for three hours in a draughty Bucharest café near Ceausescu’s former Palace of the People, my eye was drawn constantly to his right hand, to the trigger finger.

“We flew at high speed, very low, zig-zagging in our Puma helicopters to avoid radar.” They touched down in Bucharest near the military cemetery and were joined by officers from the military justice department. Mr Cirlan recognised only one man, General Victor Stanculescu.

“He was just like an English gentleman — very elegant.” General Stanculescu had been the favourite of Elena Ceausescu, had briefly taken over command of the army and had now changed sides. “We had a lot of time for him. He knew how to talk to soldiers, had looked after us, arranged coffee and cigarettes for the troops.”

This week the general, undergoing treatment in a prison hospital, has argued in interviews with the Romanian press that the Soviet KGB had helped to plan the toppling of Ceausescu for almost a year, that the United States was aware of a plot and that Russian GRU (military intelligence) were among those firing in Bucharest and Timisoara to increase the sense of menace and accelerate a popular uprising. Twenty years ago though, to Mr Cirlan and his comrades, General Stanculescu seemed to be the only officer who knew what he was doing.

To reassure the garrison in Tirgoviste, where the Ceausescus were being held, one of the officers had unfurled a long yellow scarf that had briefly got caught in the rotors — a code that they were on the side of the revolutionaries. General Stanculescu barked out: “Paratroopers to me!” The Ceausescus, he said, were about to be “judged by the people”. If the verdicts were to be death, he needed soldiers ready to carry out the sentence.

“Who is ready?” All eight men stepped forward. “Those ready to shoot, raise your hands!” All eight raised their hand. Impatient, the general barked: “You, you and you!” The three men were Captain Iomel Boeru, Sergant-Major Georghin Octavian and Mr Cirlan.

The captain was ordered to sit in the makeshift courtroom and shoot the Ceausescus if anyone tried to break in and rescue them. Mr Cirlan and Mr Octavian were supposed to stand guard outside the room.

“I could hear everything through the door,” Mr Cirlan said, “and I knew then that there was something wrong with the trial. Elena was complaining, refusing to recognise the court. The so-called defence lawyers were acting like prosecutors. But I was a soldier obeying orders. It was only later that I realised what a mockery it all was.”

The verdict was read out after a few hours. The Ceausescus were sentenced to death. They had ten days to appeal, but the sentence was to be carried out immediately. A nod to Kafka.

There was a confused silence. Death — now? The dictator and his wife were tied up but not blindfolded. As Mr Cirlan helped to frogmarch the dictator along the corridor, he heard a shout: “Get on with it! The US Sixth Fleet has just sent a helicopter force to rescue them! Move! Move! Do it!”

“Take them to the wall,” General Stanculescu said. “First him, then her.”

But the Ceausescus did not know what was happening until they were led past the helicopters to an outbuilding. “He looked in my eyes and realised that he was going to die now, not at some time in the future, and he started to cry,” Mr Cirlan said. “It was very important to me, that moment. I still have nightmares about it. That look.”

The dictator was lined up with his wife — she had insisted on their dying together — and yelled: “Death to the traitors!” He puffed out his chest and started to sing the Socialist Internationale: “Arise, wretched of the Earth! Arise prisoners of hunger!”

He never reached the fourth line: “This is the eruption of the end / of the past, let us wipe the slate clean.”

“We were told to fire 30 rounds each into them. From the hip. As paratroopers. Not as a firing squad, where some of the shooters have real bullets, some blanks, so that no one has to live with the feeling of being an executioner. We fired live,” Mr Cirlan said, his thick trigger finger unconsciously mimicking his actions of 20 years ago.

“After shooting seven rounds into Ceausescu, the gun jammed. I changed magazines and shot a full 30 rounds into Elena. She flew backwards with the force of it all. We started at about a metre range and then walked steadily backwards, still firing, so that we wouldn’t be caught by a ricochet.”

Elena’s blood splattered on his uniform. The back of her skull had fallen away. “She didn’t die easily. She was in spasms,” Mr Cirlan shook his head at the memory. “I had never even killed a chicken before.”

Behind the three-man squad, two other soldiers had joined in the shooting. One had lost his brother in the Timisoara rising a few days earler and wanted revenge.

“I was angry too when I shot Ceausescu. Until the Timisoara revolt in mid-December, I had been a true- believing communist. What else? Even in kindergarten we hadn’t sung songs about nature and sunsets but about the genius of Ceausescu and how he was our national father. But then the army was used to shoot civilians and it made me, many of us, question everything. I was furious with Ceausescu for betraying socialism.”

After the executions — “it wasn’t a trial, it was a political assassination in the middle of a revolution” — Mr Cirlan was edged out of his army career. He studied law.

Captain Boeru later rose to the rank of colonel and retired. Mr Octavian became a taxi driver. “We don’t meet up any more,” Mr Cirlan said, “because we always end up talking about the same thing.

“Now I try to live according to the teachings of the Bible. But I can’t be happy on Christmas Day, not ever. Across the world, Christians are celebrating. But not me. Not me.”

An edited transcript of the Ceausescus' trial

Chief prosecutor

Esteemed chairman of the court, today we have to pass a verdict on the defendants Nicolae Ceausescu and Elena Ceausescu, who have committed the following offences: crimes against the people. They carried out acts that are incompatible with human dignity and social thinking; they acted in a despotic and criminal way; they destroyed the people whose leaders they claimed to be. Because of the crimes they committed against the people, I plead, on behalf of the victims of these two tyrants, for the death sentence. [He then reads from a bill of indictment, listing genocide, destruction of state buildings and undermining the economy].

Prosecutor

Did you hear the charges? Have you understood?

Ceausescu

I do not answer, I will only answer questions before the Grand National Assembly. I do not recognise this court. The charges are incorrect, and I will not answer a single question here.

Prosecutor

Note: he does not recognise the points mentioned in the bill of indictment.

Ceausescu

I will not answer any question. Not a single shot was fired in Palace Square. Not a single shot. No one was shot.

Prosecutor

By now, there have been 34 casualties.

Elena Ceausescu

Look, and that they are calling genocide.

Prosecutor

In all district capitals there is shooting going on. The people were slaves. The entire intelligentsia ran away.

Elena Ceausescu

The intelligentsia of the country will hear what you are accusing us of.

Prosecutor

Nicolae Ceausescu should tell us why he does not answer our questions. What prevents him from doing so?

Ceausescu I will answer any question, but only at the Grand National Assembly, before the representatives of the working class. Tell the people that I will answer all their questions. All the world should know what is going on here.

Prosecutor What are you really?

Ceausescu

I repeat: I am the President of Romania and the Commander in Chief of the Romanian Army. I am the president of the people. I will not speak with you provocateurs any more, and I will not speak with the organisers of the putsch and with the mercenaries. I have nothing to do with them.

Prosecutor

Please, make a note: Ceausescu does not recognise the new legal structures of power of the country. He still considers himself to be the country’s President and the Commander in Chief of the Army. Why did you ruin the country? Why did you export everything? Why did you starve the people?

Ceausescu

I will not answer this question. It is a lie that I made the people starve. A lie, a lie in my face. This shows how little patriotism there is, how many treasonable offences were committed.

Prosecutor

We have always spoken of equality. We are all equal. Everybody should be paid according to his performance. Now we finally saw your villa on television, the golden plates from which you ate, the foodstuffs that you had imported, the luxurious celebrations.

Elena Ceausescu

Incredible. We live in a normal apartment, just like every other citizen. We have ensured an apartment for every citizen through corresponding laws.

Prosecutor

Mr Chairman, we find the two accused guilty. I call for the death sentence.

Counsel for the defence

Even though he — like her — committed insane acts, we want to defend them. We want a legal trial. [Addressing the defendants:] You have acted in a very irresponsible manner; you led the country to the verge of ruin and you will be convicted on the basis of the bill of indictment. You are guilty of these offences even if you do not want to admit it. Despite this, I ask the court to make a decision that we will be able to justify later as well. We must not allow the slightest impression of illegality to emerge. Elena and Nicolae Ceausescu should be punished in a really legal trial.

Prosecutor

I have been one of those who, as a lawyer, would have liked to oppose the death sentence, because it is inhuman. But we are not talking about people.

After the television broadcast is cut off, the speaker announces that the verdict is the death sentence.

Source: Foreign Broadcast Information Service

Sunday, 20 December 2009

Spanish quest to identify black soldier who fought against fascism in civil war


• US volunteer in picture killed in civil war battle
• Authorities plan to present image to Obama next year

Giles Tremlett in Barcelona guardian.co.uk, Sunday 20 December 2009 16.50 GMT
Unidentified black soldier who died in the Spanish civil war Photograph: Agustí Centelles/El País


As a volunteer in the International Brigades that fought in Spain's civil war, the unidentified black soldier in the photograph was one of the first Americans to die fighting fascism.

Now Spanish authorities want to put a name to him so they can present his picture to President Barack Obama when he visits Spain next year.

The black and white picture of the African American volunteer forms part of an extraordinary collection of civil war photographs that was bought recently by the Spanish state.

"All we know is that he arrived with the Abraham Lincoln Brigade of American volunteers and that he died in the battle at Brunete [in July 1937]," said Sergi Centelles, whose father, Agustí, took the picture.

The soldier is one of more than 90 African-Americans who volunteered to defend Spain's elected Republican government from a 1936 rightwing military uprising that sparked a three-year civil war.

Germany's Adolf Hitler and Italy's Benito Mussolini sent troops to back the rebel army of future dictator General Francisco Franco. Leftwing and anti-fascist volunteers from around the world joined Russians sent by Stalin to help defend the Republic.

Obama defended the concept of waging a "just war" in his Nobel peace prize speech this month.

The New York-based Abraham Lincoln Brigades Association and New York University's Tamiment library have scoured their civil war archives to see if they could identify the man in the photograph, which was probably taken in February 1937. Two possible candidates have emerged: Milton Herndon, whose brother Angelo won a famous supreme court case against a sentence for "incitement to insurrection", and aviator Paul Williams.

"It is one of eight or nine photographs my father took of the Americans marching through Barcelona," said Agustí Centelles.

The photograph remained hidden for four decades after Agustí Centelles, known as the "Spanish Robert Capa", fled Spain as Franco's forces looked set to win the civil war in 1939.

"My father took his photographs with him in a suitcase because he was scared they would be used to identify people and carry out reprisals," said Sergi Centelles.

The photographer used the suitcase as a pillow in a French refugee camp to prevent it from being stolen. He later moved in with a French family in Carcassonne, in southern France, but had to flee again after the second world war broke out and the occupying Germans heard that he was using his camera to take photographs for false passports.

"The Gestapo were chasing him, so he walked back across the Pyrenees into Spain," said Sergi Centelles. "He left the suitcase behind, telling the French family not to and it over to anyone but him.

"It was passed down from the grandfather, when he died, to his son and then, when he also died, to the grandson."

Agustí Centelles sent the French family a present every Christmas as a sign that he was still alive.

Spain did not give the photographer a passport until 1962, when the family travelled to Carcasonne to check the suitcase was still there. It was only in 1976, a year after Franco died, that he dared pick up the suitcase and bring it home.

It contained hundreds of civil war photographs, including one of writer George Orwell with a group of fellow international volunteers.

The mix of races in the International Brigades saw attempts made to observe a degree of racial equality otherwise unseen in western armies in the 1930s.

"We know there were quite a few African American volunteers and that many were treated badly when they went home, as people thought they were communists," said Sergi Centelles.

"We have four or five names of possible candidates, but what we really want to do is to find their family."


• If you know who the man in the main photograph is, or can provide any information that might help identify him, please contact giles.tremlett@guardian.co.uk


http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/dec/20/spanish-civil-war-black-fighter

Saturday, 19 December 2009

Reflections of Fidel: The Moment Of Truth

http://www.granma.cu/ingles/2009/diciembre/vier18/52reflex1-i.html

NEWS arriving from the Danish capital paints a picture of chaos. After planning an event in which around 40,000 people were to participate, the hosts have no way of keeping their promise. Evo, who was the first of the ALBA presidents to arrive there, expressed certain profound truths emanating from the millenary culture of his people.

According to the news agencies, he affirmed that he had received a mandate from the Bolivian people to oppose any agreement if the final declaration fails not meet expectations. He explained that climate change is not the cause but the effect, that we have an obligation to defend the rights of Mother Earth against the model of capitalist development, the culture of life against the culture of death. He spoke of the climate debt that the rich countries must pay to the poor countries, and the return of atmospheric space seized from the latter.

He described as "ridiculous" the figure of $10 billion dollars offered per year up until 2012 when, in reality, hundreds of billions of dollars are needed every year. He also accused the United States of spending trillions of dollars on exporting terrorism to Iraq and Afghanistan and establishing military bases in Latin America.

The president of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela addressed the Summit on December 16th, at 8:40 a.m. Cuban time. He made a brilliant speech that received tremendous applause. His remarks were categorical.

Contesting a document proposed to the Summit by the Danish minister chairing the conference, he stated:

"…it is a text that comes from nothing, we do not accept any other text unless it comes out of the working groups which are the legitimate texts that have been discussed with such intensity during these two years."

"There is a group of countries which believe themselves superior to us from the South, to us from the Third World…"

"…we are not surprised: there is no democracy in the world and we are here, once again, in the face of powerful evidence of a world imperial dictatorship."

"…I was reading some of the slogans painted in the streets by the young people…One: ‘Let’s not change the climate, let’s change the system’…Another: ‘If the climate was a bank, they would have saved it already.’"

"Obama… received the Nobel Peace prize virtually the same day that he was sending an additional 30,000 soldiers to kill innocent people in Afghanistan."

"We were raising our hands to accompany Brazil, India, Bolivia and China, in their interesting position … but, well, we were not given the floor…"

"The rich are destroying the Earth… do they have plans to go to another planet?"

"Climate change is, without any doubt, the most devastating environmental problem of the present century."

"The United States could amount to possibly 300 million inhabitants; China has a population that is almost five times larger than the United States. The United States consumes more than 20 million barrels of oil per day. Chine barely reaches 5 or 6 million barrels per day. One can’t ask the same of the United States and China."

"… reducing contaminating gas emissions and achieving a long-term cooperation agreement […] seems to have failed, for now. What is the reason for that? […] the irresponsible attitude and the lack of political will on the part of the most powerful nations of the planet."

"…the gap that separates the rich countries from the poor is still expanding despite the existence of the Millennium Goals, the Monterrey Summit on finance, all of these summits – as the president of Senegal said, denouncing a great truth, promises and promises and promises that have been unfulfilled, while the world continues along its destructive path."

"…The total income of the 500 richest individuals on the planet is greater than the income of the 416 million poorest people."

"Infant mortality stands at 47 per 1,000 live births; but the figure for the rich countries is just 5 ..."

"…For how long are we going to allow millions of children to continue dying from curable diseases?"

"Some 2.6 billion people live without health services,"

"Brazilian Leonardo Boff wrote: ‘that the fittest survive over the ashes of the weakest.’"

Jean Jacob Rousseau [sic] said: ""Between the weak and the strong, it is freedom which oppresses." For this reason, the empire talks of freedom, in order to invade, to murder, to annihilate, to exploit, that is its freedom. And Rousseau goes on: "it is the law which sets free."

"For how long are we going to allow armed conflicts that massacre millions of innocent human beings, with the aim of awarding the resources of other nations to the more powerful ones?"

"Almost two centuries ago, Simón Bolívar, the Liberator said:

‘If nature opposes, we will fight against her and make her obey us.’"

"This planet is billions of years old, and has existed for billions of years without us, the human race: that is to say, it does not need us to exist. Now, we cannot live without the Earth…"

Evo addressed the conference in the morning of today, Thursday. His speech will also never be forgotten.

He very candidly opened his remarks by saying: "I wish to say how upset we are over the lack of organization and the delays in this international gathering…"

His basic ideas were the following:

"When we ask the hosts what is going on, […] we are told it is the United Nations; when we ask the United Nations what is going on, they say it is Denmark, so we don’t know who is disorganizing this international event…" "…I’m very shocked because only the effects and not the causes of climate change are being discussed."

"If we fail to identify where the destruction of the environment is coming from […] we will never be able to solve this problem…"

"…two cultures are under discussion here: the culture of life and the culture of death; the culture of death, which is capitalism. We, the indigenous peoples, say that it is living better, better at the cost of others.’"

"…exploiting others, plundering their natural resources, assaulting Mother Earth, privatizing basic services…"

"…living well is living in solidarity, in equality, in complementation, in reciprocity…"

"These two different ways of life, these two cultures of life are in debate when we it comes to climate change, and if we do not decide which is the better way of living or of life, it is certain that we are never going to resolve this issue, because we have problems with life: luxury and consumerism damage humanity and sometimes we don’t want to admit the truth in this kind of international event."

"…in our way of life being truthful is sacred, and we are not practicing the truths here."

"…in our Constitution it reads ama sua, ama llulla, ama quella, which means do not steal, do not lie, do not be weak."

"…Mother Earth or Nature exist and will continue to exist without the human race, but human beings can’t live without planet Earth, therefore, it is our duty to defend the right of Mother Earth."

"…I applaud the United Nations because this year, it has finally established the International Day of Mother Earth."

"…a mother is sacred, a mother is our life; a mother cannot be rented, cannot be sold or assaulted, she must be respected."

"We have profound differences with the Western model, and that is under discussion at this moment."

"We are in Europe, and you know that many Bolivian families, many Latin American families come to Europe. Why do they come here? To improve their living conditions. In Bolivia, they might be earning $100 or $200 per month; but that family, that person comes here to take care of an elderly European grandfather or grandmother and earns $1,000 a month."

"These are the asymmetries that exist among continents and we are obliged to discuss ways in which to achieve a certain equilibrium, […] reducing these profound asymmetries that exist among families, among countries, and especially continents."

""When […] our brothers and sisters come here to survive or to improve their living conditions they are expelled. There are papers which are known as repatriation documents […] but when those elderly Europeans arrived in Latin America all those years ago, they were never expelled. My families, my brothers do not come here to seize control of mines, nor do they possess thousands of hectares in order to become landowners. In the past, no visas or passports were required to come to Abya Yala, now called, America."

"…the rich nations should welcome all migrants who are affected by climate change instead of forcing them to return to their countries as they are doing at the moment…"

"…our obligation is to save all of humanity and not half of humanity."

"…the FTAA, the Free Trade Area of the Americas, […] is not a Free Trade Area of the Americas, but a free colonization area of the Americas…"

Evo suggested the following questions, among others, for a worldwide referendum on climate change:

"..Do you agree to reestablishing a harmonious relationship with Nature, recognizing the rights of Mother Earth...?"

"…Are you in agreement with changing this system of excessive consumerism and waste, that is, the capitalist system...?"

"…Do you agree that the developed countries should reduce and reabsorb their greenhouse gas emissions…?"

"…Do you agree on transferring everything that is currently being spent in wars to create a budget higher than the defense budget to tackle the problem of climate change…?"

As is widely known, the UN Agreement on Climate Change was signed in the Japanese city of Kyoto in 1997. This protocol obliged 38 industrialized nations to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by a certain percentage in relation to those emitted in 1990. The countries of the European Union committed themselves to 8%, a move which came into effect in 2005, when most of the signatory countries had already ratified it. George W. Bush, then president of the United States – the largest producer of greenhouse gases and responsible for a quarter of total emissions – had rejected the agreement from mid-2001 onward.

The other members of the United Nations continued with their efforts. The research centers continued with their work. It is now evident that a major disaster is threatening our species. Perhaps the worst aspect is that the blind egotism of a privileged and rich minority is attempting to lay the burden of the necessary sacrifices on the vast majority of the planet’s inhabitants.

That contradiction is reflected in Copenhagen. Thousands of people are there, fiercely defending their points of view.

The Danish police are resorting to brutal methods to crush resistance; many protesters are being preventively arrested. I spoke on the phone with our Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez, who was at a solidarity rally in Copenhagen with Chávez, Evo, Lazo and other ALBA representatives. I asked him who those people were that the Danish police suppressed with such hate, twisting back their arms and beating them repeatedly across the back. He said they were Danish citizens and people from other European nations as well as members of the social movements who were demanding from the Summit an immediate solution to deal with climate change. He also told me that debates in the Summit were to continue until midnight. It was already night in Copenhagen when I spoke with him. The time difference is six hours.

Our comrades in the Danish capital have informed us that an even worse situation is expected tomorrow morning, Friday 18th. At 10:00 a.m. the UN Summit is to be adjourned for two hours while the Danish prime minister meets with 20 heads of state invited by him to discuss "global problems" with Obama. That is what they have called the meeting, which is aimed at imposing an agreement on climate change.

Even though all of the official delegations are to take part, only "invited guests" will be allowed to express their views. Of course, neither Chávez nor Evo are among those entitled to express their opinions. The idea is to give the illustrious Nobel Laureate an opportunity to read his previously drafted speech, preceded by the decision to de adopted in that meeting to postpone the agreement until the end of next year in Mexico City. The social movements will not be permitted to attend. After that show, the "Summit" will resume in the plenary hall until its ignominious closure.

As television channels have broadcast the footage, the world has been able to see the fascist methods used against the people in Copenhagen. The protesters, young people in the main, who have been repressed, have earned the solidarity of the peoples.

Despite the maneuvers and unprincipled lies of the leaders of the empire, the moment of truth is drawing closer. Their own allies are increasingly losing confidence in them. In Mexico, as in Copenhagen or anywhere else in the world, they will be met by the growing resistance of the peoples who have not lost the hope of surviving.

Fidel Castro Ruz

December 17, 2009

6:46 p.m.

Translated by Granma International

Sunday, 6 December 2009

Riots break out in Greece on anniversary of police murder of 15 yr old anarchist



http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/gallery/2009/dec/06/greece
(PHOTOS HERE)
Greek police clash with students in Athens as thousands march on anniversary of death of Alexandros Grigoropoulos

Mark Tran and agencies guardian.co.uk, Sunday 6 December 2009 13.46 GMT Article history

Police fired teargas at rioters who threw rocks and firecrackers in central Athens as thousands gathered to mark the first anniversary of the police shooting of a teenager.

Clashes broke out as about 3,000 people, mostly students, anarchists and leftists, began a march to parliament. More protests were expected tomorrow. An evening memorial service was planned in the Exarchia district, where 15-year-old Alexandros Grigoropoulos was shot dead.

Violence also broke out in Thessaloniki, Greece's second-largest city, where demonstrators threw petrol bombs at police and smashed the front of a Starbucks cafe.

More than 6,000 police were deployed across greater Athens amid fears that the demonstrations under way in the capital and other Greek cities would turn increasingly violent. Concern was heightened by reports that far-left groups and anarchists from other European countries have travelled to Greece for the protests.

Grigoropoulos was shot by a policeman on the evening of 6 December 2008, in Exarchia, a central Athens neighbourhood of bars and cafes popular with anarchist groups. Within a few hours of his death, riots spread from the capital to several cities, taking the government by surprise. An embattled police force took a passive approach as rioters looted and burned shops in violence that lasted two weeks.

The new socialist government, which has faced a spate of attacks by far-left and anarchist groups, since coming to power in October, has vowed not to tolerate any violence during today's anniversary.

Police yesterday detained about 160 youths and raided what they described as a firebomb-making hideout in the district of Keratsini, near the port of Piraeus. A memorial gathering last night at the spot where Grigoropoulos was killed began peacefully, although clashes broke out in the area later between rock-throwers and riot police. Police arrested 14 people, including five Italians and three Albanians.

Dozens of police, some in riot gear and others on motorbikes, stood guard throughout the district on Saturday night. Apart from the brief clash, the area was quiet, with heavy rain helping keep people off the streets.

Greece's civil protection minister, Michalis Chrisochoidis, who is also in charge of the police, said earlier this week that people had been right to demonstrate against the teenager's death, but further riots would not be tolerated.

"Without doubt (Grigoropoulos's death) was an act of extreme police violence and misconduct that has scarred our collective memory," Chrisochoidis said. "Young people were right to take to the streets to express their outrage. But we will not tolerate a repeat of the violence and terror in the centre of Athens and other cities. We will not surrender Athens to vandals."

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/dec/06/greece-riots-anniversary-teenager-death

Saturday, 5 December 2009

Berlin and Hamburg attacks an anarchist 'declaration of war'

Online: http://www.thelocal.de/national/20091204-23713.html

Anarchists attacks on police stations and political offices in Berlin and Hamburg overnight were a “declaration of war” on the state, head of the German Police Union (DPoIG) told The Local on Friday.

Unknown perpetrators, assumed to be left-wing extremists, threw Molotov cocktails, paint bombs and cobblestones at Berlin’s Treptow district Federal Criminal Police (BKA) office overnight. Meanwhile local offices for the centre-left Social Democrats and the conservative Christian Democrats were also vandalised with anti-war graffiti.

Around the same time in Hamburg, about 10 masked perpetrators attacked a police precinct in the Schanzenviertel neighbourhood, setting a police cruiser alight, damaging other police cars and breaking windows with stones.

On Friday afternoon the Berliner Morgenpost also reported that a southern wing of the Chancellory had also been vandalised with three Christmas tree decoration bulbs full of paint.

Though no one was injured in either of the attacks they are a sign of a “new escalation in the spiral of violence,” DPoIG leader Rainer Wendt told The Local.

According to his assessment, the attacks were coordinated between a growing network of anarchists between the two big cities.

“The attacks were anything but spontaneous, and executed in an almost professional manner,” he said.

The Police Union took the incidents so seriously on Friday that they encouraged the conference of state interior ministers, currently underway in Bremen, to take immediate action, hardening criminal prison sentences for attacks on officers and increasing police personnel.

But Wendt reported that police demands have so far gone unheeded.

“They've done nothing," he said. "We don’t have enough police to conduct a good surveillance of these groups. We need to take them very seriously. They are prepared to kill people. It’s pure coincidence that no officers were killed last night, but we fear that this could still be ahead of us.”

Anarchist violence has been increasing in Berlin and Hamburg for several years, with more reported clashes during demonstrations with police and against neo-Nazi groups, in addition to property damage associated with anti-gentrification sentiments.

An 84-page study presented by Berlin Interior Minister Ehrhart Körting this November detailed left-wing violence in the German capital, describing the anarchists as “willing to hazard the consequences of major property damage and severe injury to people.”

In 2009, some 125 cars – many of them luxury status-symbol models – were purposely burned by so-called Autonomen in Berlin. The number has more than doubled since last year, when 72 cars were targeted. Police in Hamburg reported 150 burned cars – 16 of which were proven to be politically motivated. This number was up from a number insignificant enough not to have been reported the year before, news magazine Der Spiegel reported on Friday.

“There is lots of talk when it comes to their alleged goals. Gentrification, for example, is a catch word in Berlin,” Wendt told The Local. “Allegedly they don’t want the rich to move into their city districts. I think that’s all wrong. They don’t have any goals at all aside from blind hate against the state and order.”

According to daily Berliner Morgenpost on Friday, left-wing extremists issued a statement of admission for the Thursday night attacks on the Berlin political offices in Berlin’s Charlottenburg and Zehlendorf districts. The statement, sent to a CDU parliamentary group email address, explained that the attacks were an answer to the Bundestag’s Thursday vote to extend their mandate to provide troops for the NATO operation in Afghanistan. The email accused the politicians of being “warmongers,” and ended with the threat, “There is no safe place!”, the paper reported.

Police are investigating a possible connection between these attacks and those on the police and customs property in Hamburg and Berlin, but Wendt said without government support, such incidents will continue to occur.

“The investigation goes on, but I have little hope it will be successful,” he said. “This is a declaration of the war on the police and on the state.”

Kristen Allen (kristen.allen@thelocal.de)